Haidong Gumdo Terminology


Basic Commands

Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation / explanation
차렷 Charot

Come to attention.

경례 (敬禮) Gyôngnye Bow.
바로 Paro Relax (return to ready stance) / 'At ease'.
준비 (準備) Chunbi Get ready.
시작(始作) Sijak Start.
발도 (發刀) Paldo Draw sword.
착검(着劍) Chakkôm Sheathe sword. Note: There are various ways of sheathing a sword and they are referred to by the pattern that they appear in, for example, ssangsu chakkôm 2-pon.
중단 견적 (中段見賊) Chungmyôn kyônjôk Centre ready or centre aim.
기합(氣合) Kihap Short exhalation of breath, often in combination with a cut.
자세 (姿勢) 바꾸세요 Chase pakkuseyo Change stance to face the rear.

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Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation / explanation
자연세 (自然勢) Chayôn-se Standing in a natural (short stance) posture.
대도세 (大跳勢) Taedo-se Long or high stance (lit: great stance).
소도세 (小跳勢) Sodo-se Short or low stance (Lit: small stance).
기마세 (騎馬勢) Kima-se Horse-riding stance.
조천세 (朝天勢) Choch'ôn-se This is any position where the sword is held vertically (normally) on the right hand side with the hilt at chest height.
금계독립팔상세 (金鷄獨立八相勢) Kûmgye dongnip p'alsang-se Stand on one leg (normally left). Raised foot should point down. The sword is normally held vertical on the right side.
지하세 (地下勢) Chiha-se Lower ready stance.
범세 (凡勢) Pôm-se Tiger stance aka back stance.
복호세 (復虎勢) Pokho-se Crouching Tiger Stance.

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Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation / explanation
정면 (正面) 베기 Chungmyôn pegi Straight or centre cut.
() 베기 Chwa pegi Left Cut.
() 베기 U pegi Right Cut.
횡단 일검(橫斷一劍) 베기 Hwengdan ilgôm pegi Horizontal cut.
올려 베기 Ollyo pegi Upwards cut.
찌르기 Chirûgi Thrust / stab.
삼단 (三段) 베기 Samdan pegi Chungmyôn pegi followed by chwa pegi followed by u pegi.
광자 (光字) 베기 Gwangja pegi Sequence of cuts that describe the Chinese character for light (the Chinese character pronounced 'Kwang,') i.e. samdan pegi followed by left hwengdan pegi followed by left and right diagonal cuts. Stance is kima-se.
이어 베기 Io pegi Double Cuts.

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Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation / explanation
검코 Kôm ko Tip of the sword.
검날 Kôm nal Blade (the sharp edge, i.e. business end, of the sword).
검등 Kôm tûng Back (backbone?) of the sword.
검막이 Kôm mak-e Hand Guard.
검손잡이 Kôm sôn chap-hi Hilt.
Home (pronounced 'ho-me') The shallow, narrow, cut along the length of the blade.
검집 Kôm chib Scabbard.
진검(眞劍) Ch'inkôm Sharpened sword. Lit: real sword.
가검(假劍) Kakôm Blunt metal sword.
목검(木劍) Mokkôm Wooden sword.
죽도 (竹刀) Chukdo Bamboo sword.

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Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation / explanation
후리기 Hurigi Swinging the sword around the body to ward off the opponent or give extra energy to a cut.
돌려서 Tollyôsô Rotate the sword vertically forward or backwards.
말아서 Marasô An alternative to Tollyôsô. Difficult to explain this term because it alludes to the Korean language.
풍차구르기 P'ungch'a-kurugl Cartwheel.
점프/뛰기 Jump'u / ttwigi Jump.
낙법 Nakbôp Rolls, only forwards it seems.
응용동작 Ûngyong tongjak Lit.: Practical movement but the pu-sabôm used this when I asked about extended cuts and he said that this term was used for any variation of a technique.

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Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation / explanation
촛불끄기 Ch'otbul KKûgi Candle extinguishing.
대나무베기 Taenamu pegi Bamboo cutting.
신문지 베기 Sinmunji pegi Newspaper slicing.
각목자르기 Kagmok charugi Board breaking.

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한글/한문 Korean / Chinese Romanised Translation / explanation
안녕 (安寧) 하세요 Annyông Haseyo Hello (when you enter Dojang).
수고 하셨습니다 Sugo hasyôssumnida You worked hard (usually at the end of practice, to the fellow students).
감사 (感謝) 합니다 Kamsa hamnida Thank you (usually at the end of practice, to the Sabum-nim or Kwanjang-nim).

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Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation
지도사범(指導師範) Chido Sabôm Master.
관장 (館長) Kwanjang(Nim) Head of dojang.
사범 (師範) Sabôm(Nim) Instructor.
부사범 (副師範) Pu-sabôm(Nim) Assistant instructor.
교범 (敎範) Kyobôm(Nim) Assistant of junior instructor.
고단자 (高段者) Kodanja 3rd dan or higher.
초단 (初段) Ch'odan 1st dan.
유단자 (有段者) Yudanja A black-belt of any grade.
제자 (弟子) Checha Disciple or follower.

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Uniform (Dobok)

Korean / Chinese
Romanised Translation
바지 Paji Trousers.
옷도리 Ottori Top.
Tti Belt.
매듭 Maettôp Tie.

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Acknowledgement: Canadian Haidong Gumdo Federation

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